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The focus of survey questions was on demographics, occurrence of rigid board insulation, prevalence of rigid board insulation damage and structural damage, and treatment of structures when rigid board insulation was present. Results indicated termite infestations associated with rigid board insulation are not uncommon; 34% of the companies reported the presence of rigid board insulation on structures that have been treated or inspected for termites. Rigid board insulation, primarily foam board insulation, includes materials such as polystyrene and polyisocyanurate. Rigid board insulation is used as a perimeter insulation around structures; the insulation is usually placed against the foundation walls on the exterior of the masonry structure hidden from view by skin coats such as wood, aluminum or vinyl siding, or stucco. The content of questions consisted of four types: demographics, occurrence of rigid board insulation, prevalence of rigid board insulation damage and structural damage, and treatment of structures when rigid board insulation was present. Occurrence of Rigid Board Insulation The documented presence of rigid board insulation on structures treated or inspected for termites was reported by 34% of the companies. As many as 81% of companies reported up to 10% of structures they treated and/ or inspected for termites had rigid board insulation, and 2% of the companies reported greater than 75% of the structures had rigid board insulation. Prevalence of Rigid Board Insulation Damage and Structural Damage Eighty-one percent of the companies reported termite damage to rigid board insulation installed above grade in up to 10% of the structures they inspected. Seventy-two percent of the companies reported termite damage to rigid board insulation installed below grade in up to 10% of the structures they inspected, and 9% of the companies reported termite damage to rigid board insulation installed below grade in greater than 75% of the structures. Excessive termite damage to rigid board insulation was seen by 10% of the companies, whereas moderate and slight damage to insulation was seen by 40% and 50% of the companies, respectively. Responses for the latter category were: trenched out below the insulation, treated, and backfilled; cut insulation off above grade and then sealed bottom of insulation; recommended that a qualified builder replace insulation and check structure for soundness; pretreated but did not know rigid board insulation was later installed; only treated if insulation was not below grade; modified guarantee such that company was not responsible for damage as a result of hidden entry through insulation; treated as result of having won a bid. Location Between grade level and footings Just below grade At grade level Between grade level and sill plate Above the sill plate Correlation Coefficient p-Value 0.2443 0.7657 0.4725 0.6832 0.5244 0.5598 0.0037 0.1030 0.0006 0.0658 cluded: customer did not want insulation removed; gave job to another company; recognized situation due to previous problems experienced with this type of insulation. The Model Energy Code states the following for slab-on-grade floors, i.e. monolithic slab construction: “In climates below 6,000 annual Fahrenheit heating degree days, the insulation shall extend downward from the top of the slab for a minimum distance of 24 inches greater than 6,000 annual Fahrenheit heating degree days, the insulation shall extend downward from the top of the slab for a minimum of 48 inches”. Chose to treat % Chose not to treat % Treated as they would any other structure and provided a guarantee 24 Insulation created a situation conducive to termite infestation that was not treatable or correctable Could not guarantee the treatment Did something other than above options 34 Treated but did not provide a guarantee Removed insulation below grade Did something other than above options 33 31 13 45 21 the country. The benefits of removing a small gap of insulation above grade level along the perimeter of structures would certainly outweigh the costs in the long run; additional insulation can be placed elsewhere in the structure to recoup the thermal loss from this adjustment.
Assemblies of God Official Web Site
From its inception, the Assemblies of God has been unequivocally committed to abstinence from alcoholic beverages, a conviction firmly rooted in what the Bible teaches about the abuse of wine, the consumption of strong drink, and also in its cardinal ethical principle of love for God and others. As the pressures to participate in moderate consumption of wine and other alcoholic beverages mount, it is imperative that the long-standing Assemblies of God position on abstinence be reaffirmed in light of both the Scriptures and societal practice in order to faithfully witness to each generation and to continue to confront unjust and destructive social ills that harm people whom God loves. Since appeals to approve moderate drinking are often based on wine use in the Bible, it is critically important to understand the differences between the production and use of wine in biblical times, and the more deceptive and dangerous use of alcoholic beverages today. There are several major differences: wine of the biblical era generally had lower alcohol content, ancient wine was commonly diluted before consumption, grapes were a staple of ancient agrarian life and commerce requiring preservation of the juice, and the distillation process for liquors had not yet been fully developed. Neither biblical nor historical references to mixed or diluted wine prove that everyone always diluted their wine, but the references do show it was a common practice. In the Parable of the Good Samaritan, the wounded traveler was treated by “Pouring on oil and wine”.5 The healing and antiseptic properties of wine are probably reflected in Paul’s admonitions to Timothy to “Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine [oinos] because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses”. Tirosh is defined as “Fresh or new wine, must,7 grape juice” and most modern translations usually render it as “New wine”. Unfermented grape juice or juice in the early stages of fermentation is identified in the Gospels as “New wine”.9Gleukos, used once, refers to “a new sweet wine in process of fermentation.”10Sikera, also used once, is “An intoxicating drink made from grain.”11Oxos, translated as “Sour wine” or “Wine vinegar” is found six times in the crucifixion accounts. Old TestamentWine often is portrayed favorably as in verses such as Psalm 104:14-15: “He makes grass grow for the cattle, and plants for people to cultivate-bringing forth food from the earth: wine [yayin] that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.” This theme is also found elsewhere, e.g., “May God give you heaven’s dew and earth’s richness-an abundance of grain and new wine [tirosh]”. “Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes? Those who linger over wine [yayin], who go to sample bowls of mixed wine. Do not gaze at wine [yayin] when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly! In the end it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper”. Only one of these thirteen references affirms the use of wine, Paul’s directive to Timothy to “Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses”. What is startling in the Revelation is that, other than two neutral references to wine as vintage or cargo, wine is used metaphorically for either human sin or God’s final eschatological wrath. The strongest drink possible in biblical times was not a modern fortified wine with 14-20 percent alcohol content, much less bourbon or tequila at 40-50 percent alcohol content, but naturally fermented wine or beer with a maximum possible alcohol content of 10-11 percent. God pronounces woe to those who run after their strong drink and are inflamed by wine. The clear prohibition of Old Testament priests drinking wine while serving in the tabernacle/temple, the vow of the Nazirite not to drink wine, the tradition of the Rekabites, the examples of John the Baptist and Timothy-all have deep spiritual significance for today’s Christian leaders.